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All the PS 165Q Teachers & Raquel DeMillio, Principal
Andrea Luongo, Assistant Principal
Marianna Werth, Assistant Principal, I.A.
Myron Hacken, Special Education Supervisor (2-day)

Grade

                  Reading

              Writing       

                Math

                Science

                 Social Studies

K

Essential Question: How can retelling help readers understand stories?

  • Readers understand that there is a relationship between illustrations and words when reading and writing.
  • Readers will identify characters, settings, and major events in stories.
  • Home is an important concept to all livings species (things).

Texts: Make Way for Ducklings by Robert McCloskey  & A House for Hermit Crab by Eric Carle
Vocabulary: island, waddled, cozy, quacked, waded, satisfied, tumbled, beckoned

Essential Question:  How can writers use both illustrations and words to tell a story?

  • Writers understand that pictures and words in a sequence help tell a story.
  • Writers will be able to identify characters, setting, and major events in their own writing using a combination of drawing, dictating, and writing.

Vocabulary:  plan, sketch, sequence, character, setting, event

Essential Question:   How can you show, count, and write numbers 0-5?

  • Count and write 1 and 2 with words and numbers.
  • Show and count 3 and 4 with objects.
  • Count and write 3 and 4 with words and numbers.
  • Show and count up to 5 objects.
  • Count and write up to 5 with words and numbers.

Vocabulary: one, two, three, four, five, zero, match, pair, and larger, fewer, more

Essential Question:  How do trees change through the seasons?

  • Trees lose their leaves in the fall.
  • Leaves change color before falling.
  • Trees are planted in a special way

Vocabulary: seasons, change, fall, leaves, colors

Essential Questions: What does it mean to be a member of a school community?
The school and the classroom community

  • Classrooms are organized for student learning
  • Teachers are important to classrooms
  • Schools are special purpose buildings
  • School communities help children learn
  • Many people work in schools and have different jobs and responsibilities
  • Students help each other
  • Schools are made up of diverse people
  • Members of a classroom deserve to be heard and deserve respect

Vocabulary: community, citizen, responsibility, teacher, principal, custodian, rules, neighborhood, neighbor, citizen, community, map, custodian, principal, teacher

Grade

                  Reading

                Writing       

                Math

               Science

                    Social Studies

1

Essential Question:  How do text features in an informational text help readers understand the main topic and key details?

  • Readers will read informational texts in search of answers to questions

Vocabulary: Table of contents, glossary, chapter headings     
Text Vocabulary: elephants, calves, plants, mammal, protects

Essential Question: How does the organizational structure of a question and answer help a writer explain information?

  • Writers will create one informational piece on a topic they are interested in learning more about.

Vocabulary: question and answer, inform, informational

Essential Question: How can you model adding within 10?

  • Pictures can show “adding to” and finding sums
  • Using concrete objects to solve addition problems.
  • Changing the order of addends to show the same sum

Vocabulary: add, addends, addition sentence, equal to, order, plus, sum, zero

 

Essential Questions: How are animals alike and different?

  • All animals have life cycles
  • Animals belong to different groups and species

Vocabulary: insects, metamorphosis, animal diversity

Essential Question: Why are families important?

  • What are the different structures of families? (nuclear and extended)What do families need and want?
  • How do families provide for their needs and wants?
  • What are the roles and responsibilities of each family member?

Vocabulary:  needs vs. wants, responsibility, nuclear family, extended family

Grade

                  Reading

                Writing       

                Math

               Science

                    Social Studies

2

Essential Question: How do readers of non-fiction hold onto new information as they read and put it together in order to form opinions about what they are learning?

  • Using prior knowledge to understand new concepts (Connect what we already know to what we are learning).
    • Skimming through non-fiction text to locate answers to questions and/or locating supporting evidence for ideas created about topics of study.
    • Integrating information on a page (words, charts, and/or diagrams).
    • Compare info across texts.

Vocabulary: index, glossary, diagram

Essential Question: How does the organizational structure of a question and answer help a writer explain information?

  • Writers will create one informational piece on a topic they are interested in learning more about.

Vocabulary: question and answer, inform, informational

Essential Question: How can we group numbers, compare and name numbers?
• Number sequences, relations.
• Math boxes.
• Grouping numbers.
• Number grids.

Vocabulary: calendar, math boxes, math message, is equal to, is greater than, is less than, odd numbers, even numbers

 

Essential Questions: What materials make up the earth? Why do rocks have different sizes?
• Rocks can be found in many sizes.
• Screens can be used to sort the sizes of earth materials.

Vocabulary: pebbles, sand and salt

Essential Question: How does geography influence where people choose to live and why?
  • Communities use human and natural resources in different ways.
  • Geographic features influence communities.
  • New York City has unique geographical features (East River, Hudson River, Atlantic Ocean, canals, etc).
    • Waterways are important to NYC
  • NYC is made up of islands and they are connected by bridges and tunnels.
  • New York City residents are influenced by geography (travel, jobs, architecture, etc).

Vocabulary: landscape, natural resource, island, bridge, tunnel, river, canal, island

Grade

                  Reading

                Writing       

                Math

                   Science

                Social Studies

3

Essential Questions:  How do readers understand and explain characters’ actions in stories?

  • I can show how a character’s motivations affect the sequence of the story.
  • I can understand that close observation helps to identify problems and find solutions.
  • I can understand character’s motivations and actions in stories.

Vocabulary:  sequence of events, motivations, actions, impact, location, earned, competition, stumped, archrival, analysis, beaker, evidence, surveyed

Essential Question: How do writers use specific sensory details, dialogue and description to advance the sequence of events in a story?

  • I can establish a situation and introduce a character.
  • I can introduce a character, setting, and events.
  • I can establish a character’s traits, motivations, and actions in a realistic fiction story.
  • I can establish a situation.
  • I can organize a sequence of events.
  • I can use dialogue to develop  experiences and events.
  • I can provide a sense of closure.

Vocabulary:  character, setting, problem, solution

Essential Question: How can you add and subtract whole numbers and decide if an answer is reasonable?

  • Number patterns
  • Rounding to the nearest ten or hundred
  • Estimation
  • Addition and Subtraction

Vocabulary:  commutative property of addition, identity property of addition, patterns, odd, even, round, compatible numbers, estimate, associative property of addition, regroup, diagram

Essential Question: What is Matter?

  • Measuring and estimating length and width using centimeters     
  • Can you estimate the mass of matter?
  • How much mass does matter have?
  • Use a balance scale to measure the mass of matter.

Vocabulary:  balance scale, fulcrum, mass, gram, kilogram

Essential Questions: How do maps help us better understand the world we live in? How can learning about maps and globes help us to locate places in the world?

  • Learning direction words
  • Identifying continents
  • Locating continents and oceans on map and globe
  • Difference between map and globe
  • Using the Prime Meridian and Equator to identify hemispheres
  • Understand how to use scales, legends, and map keys to read maps

Vocabulary:  oceans, continents, symbols, legend, key, axis, globe, map, hemisphere

Grade

                  Reading

                Writing       

                Math

                   Science

                Social Studies

4

Essential Question: How do readers use non-fiction text features and strategies to gain knowledge about various topics and create ideas about the information they are gathering?
• Taking notes/research
• What are the different structures of non-fiction (narrative, hybrid, expository)
• Using context clues to figure out unfamiliar vocabulary
• How to connect details in order to form an idea/opinion
• How has my thinking changed about the topic after learning new information?
• Identify main idea and supporting information

Vocabulary: synthesize, integrate, interpret, clarify, summarize, compare/contrast

Essential Question: How do writers research and share ideas from informational texts?
• Compose research based questions about informational reading.
• Develop a topic with concrete details.
• Organize writing by grouping related information.

Vocabulary: Infographic, visuals, text features, concrete details

Essential Question: How can I use strategies to multiply by 1 and 2-digit numbers?
• Relate multiplication equations and comparison statements.
• Multiply tens, hundreds, and thousands by whole numbers through tens.
• Strategies to estimate products.
• Use area models and partial products to multiply 2-digit numbers


Vocabulary: Strategy, distributive property, partial product, compatible numbers

Essential Question: How do Animals and Plants depend on the Environment?

• Why are plants producers?
• How do different animals meet their needs?
• How do animals interact with their environment?

Vocabulary: abdomen, antennae, ecosystem, thorax

Essential Questions: How did the Native Americans influence the development of New York?
• What are the geographic features of New York?
• How has the geography of New York changed over time
• How did Native Americans use New York’s natural resources to meet basic needs

• How did the Native Americans govern the area they lived in?

Vocabulary:
Natural resources, sachem, longhouse, govern, landform, wampum, Nation, culture, wigwam

Grade

                  Reading

                Writing       

                Math

                Science

         Social Studies

5

Essential Question:  What do readers pay attention to in a story to learn and develop theories about characters?

  • Notice how characters act, think, feel in order to develop opinions.
  • Notice how characters respond to problems in order to create judgments.
  • Identify character relationships and notice how characters interact
  • Identify how the character changes
  • Support ideas with text evidence
  • Analyze how secondary characters affect main characters
  • Identify the “theme” of a story

Vocabulary:  theory, character trait, empathy, survival, peer-pressure

Essential Question:  How do writers represent their strong ideas in an interpretive essay?

  • Plan an essay by making a claim and listing reasons for the claim
  • Writers order their reasons to make sure their writing is strong
  • Writers include examples from texts, quotes and personal anecdotes in their personal essay

Vocabulary: ideas, quotes, research, transitional phrases

Essential Question:  How are some numbers related to each other?

  • Number theory
  • Arrays and multiplication models
  • Divisibility, factors and multiples
  • Prime and composite numbers
  • Factor strings and prime factorization

Vocabulary: factors, prime numbers, composite numbers, multiples, product, quotient, square numbers, exponent

Essential Question: How do scientists gather and share information?

  • How can we control an experiment to get a specific outcome?
  • How can we manipulate variables to change the outcome of an experiment?

Vocabulary:  capacity, system, standard, controlled experiment

Essential Question:  How did geography influence the development of the Western Hemisphere?

  • Geography and land formations
  • Early civilizations
  • European exploration of the western hemisphere

Vocabulary: Environment, culture, hemisphere, regions, natural resources, native, economics, political, explorer and trade routes

 

Grade

                  Music

     Technology

Physical Education

Dance

Art

K

Essential Questions: 
What happens in our bodies when we breathe, hum, sing?

  • Students will explore their singing and talking voices.
  • What kind of sounds can we make with instruments?
  • Students will explore how to hold, handle, share, and create sounds with an instrument
  • Exploration of breath by experiencing breathing in different positions.
  • Vocalizing exercises to awaken the head and chest voices.
  • Solo and group singing games.
  • Learning rhymes using talking voice.
  • Playing various percussion instruments with a steady beat.

Vocabulary: steady beat, high low sounds, rhyming words, instrument, egg shaker, piano, triangle, sticks, drums, bells

Essential Question:
How do we communicate with computer?
           

  • Login to a server with Username and Password with assistance.
  • Use mouse to select and highlight objects or screen areas.
  • Navigate through a menu using point and click.

Vocabulary: Server, Storage device

Essential Question
How can I be a more thoughtful
mover?  How can I move my body in a variety of ways?

  • Use of personal/general space.
  • Use of levels.
  • Use of pathways.
  • Use of five ways to travel (including leaping, galloping, skipping, hopping, jumping, rolling, sliding, running).

Vocabulary:  personal/general space, high/medium/low, straight/curvy, zigzag, loco-motor/non loco-motor

Essential Questions:
Dance Making:
How do non-locomotor and locomotor movements differ?

Developing Dance Literacy:
How can we communicate and express feelings and ideas about a story through movement?
Text: Dance with Me, written by: Charles R. Smith Jr. & Noah Z. Jones.  What basic locomotor and non-locomotor movements can we identify and execute?

Making Connections:  How can we apply dance concepts to the world outside of the classroom?  Recalling locations within the story? How can we use loco-motor movements to travel from one location to the next?

Vocabulary:  walk, run, hop, skip, jump, gallop, roll, crawl, bend, twist, shake, swing, wiggle, slither

Essential Question: How and why do artists use shapes?

Art Material:

  • Collage

Curriculum Connection:

  • Shapes

Art Blueprint Performance Indicators:

  • Manipulation of pre-cut shapes
  • Experimentation with tearing paper
  • Experimentation with cutting shapes
  • Ability to apply glue

Main Artist:

  • Ezra Jack Keats

Art Vocabulary: Collage, Shapes, Layering

Grade

                  Music

        Technology         

    Physical Education

                         Dance

Art

1

Essential Questions:  What are the building blocks in music?

Students will learn to differentiate
between beat and rhythm patterns.

  • Practice of beat activities in different meters.
  • 4 Beat rhythm patterns, echo, clapped.
  • Using syllabic clapping of words over a steady beat.
  • Moving directionally while listening to melodic contour.
  • Recognizing the pitch direction of known songs

 

Vocabulary:  beat, rhythm, pitch, major, minor

Essential Question:  
What is the best way to sit and work at a computer?

  • Use correct posture, and wrist and elbow placement.
  • Recognize and use letter keys.
  • Recognize and use number keys (0-9).
  • Able to use backspace/delete to erase unwanted characters.
  • Able to use spacebar, shift, enter/return, caps lock and arrow keys.

 

Vocabulary: Delete, Spacebar, Shift

Essential Question
What are personal space and general space?  How many ways can I move my body?  How can I play safely?

  • Demonstrate an understanding of personal/general space, boundaries, levels and pathways.
  • Demonstrate an understanding of playing by the rules.
  • Demonstrate a knowledge of shapes and movements, like swing and sway.

Vocabulary:  personal/general space, high/medium/low, pathway, straight, curvy, zigzag

Essential Questions:
Dance Making:  What are 10 basic locomotor (traveling) movements and how are they executed?  What are 6 basic non-locomotor movements and how are they executed?

Dance Literacy:   Harold and the Purple Crayon, by Crockett Johnson.  How can we draw our own lines and dance them in our bodies?

Making Connections:  How can we use a story or picture to create a dance?  In what other ways can we visualize pathways?- in our bodies, on paper, in the air.

  • Dancers move in a variety of pathways:  Straight, Curved, Zig-Zag, Circular, Spiral

 

Vocabulary: Straight, Curved, Zig-Zag, Circular, Spiral

Essential Question:
How and why do artists create real and imaginary animals?

Art Material:

  • Oil Pastel

Art Blueprint Performance Indicators:

  • Varied lines and shapes
  • Expressive use of color
  • Ability to blend and mix colors

Main Artist:

  • Eric Carle

Art Vocabulary: Oil pastel, Abstract, Blending

Grade

                  Music

      Technology            

Physical Education

                         Dance

Art

2

 Essential Question:
What kind of words can we use to talk about music?

  • Students will identify, learn ,and use musical opposites when studying music from different cultures.
  • How can we explore fast and slow tempos in “O’ro the Rattlin’ Bog”?
  • Students learn to sing and move along with the songs in our Irish music unit while building vocabulary to describe musical opposites.
  • How can we explore musical and emotional opposites in “Johnny’s Gone for Soldier”?
  • Students will:  learn to sing the chorus and analyze the meanings of the lyrics. Compare and contrast the two songs and explore the emotional mood in demonstrate understanding of musical listening in terms of mood/emotion.

 

Vocabulary: Explorer, emotions, mood., Loud/soft, Fast/slow, Silence/sounds, Smooth/choppy, High/Low.

Essential Question:  What should my writing look like on a computer?

  • Use correct posture, and wrist and elbow placement.
  • Recognize and use punctuation keys with appropriate hand placement.
  • Use correct spacing between word, line, and paragraphs.

 

Vocabulary: Punctuation marks

Essential Questions:  How do rules make games?  How do I demonstrate good self- control?  What makes a good partner?

  • Playing by the rules.
  • Discussing sportsmanship.
  •  Demonstrating sportsmanship and cooperation.

 

Vocabulary:  rules, partner, sportsmanship, self-control

Essential Question:
Interdisciplinary Lesson- Ocean Explorations

  • Students will explore different LOD symbols including pathways, levels and compositional skills as they pertain to creative movement through an interdisciplinary exploration of oceans.
  • Demonstrate knowledge of the 5 oceans.  Which is the largest? Where is each ocean located?  What is the difference between an ocean and a lake?
  • Movement exploration of tides (push/pull) and currents in relation to the moon.
  • Scuba adventure- students will learn safety symbols. What symbols do we use within dance class?  What creatures live within the three levels of the ocean? = levels (high-zooplankton, middle-nekton, low-benthos) 

Vocabulary: Levels, high, middle, low, molding, sculpting, symbols, push/ pull.

Essential Question:
How and why have artists depicted transportation?

Curriculum Connection:

  • Social Studies – transportation

Art Material:

  • Oil Pastel

Art Blueprint Performance Indicators:

  • Varied lines and shapes
  • Experimentation with geometric, organic and invented shapes
  • Expressive use of color
  • Ability to blend and mix colors

Main Artist:

  • Richard Estes

Art Vocabulary: Oil Pastel, Geometric, Organic and Invented Shapes, Blending

Grade

                  Music

Technology

Physical Education

Dance

Art

3

 Essential Question:
How can we represent on paper what we hear in music?

  • Learn that music is represented on a staff where lines and spaces represent specific pitches.
  • Identify, recognize and create using symbolic representation for rhythm and melodies.
  • How can we represent rhythmic patterns and meter groupings on paper?
  • Students will decode and write the 4 primary rhythmic durations of whole, half, quarter, and eight notes.
  • Memorize the first 7 letters of musical alphabet.
  • Recognize the top and bottom of a staff and identify the names of the lines and spaces.
  • Decoding and creating different “musical words” on staff paper.
  • Perform and read multiple measures of written rhythmic notation

Vocabulary: staff, clef lines and spaces, meter, notation

Essential Question:
How does the Internet answer our questions?

  • Search the Internet to find specific information.
  • Navigate the Internet using a web browser.
  • Use the forward and black arrow keys to move to different web pages.
  • Bookmark a favorite site. 

 

Vocabulary: Bookmark, Web quest

Essential Questions:  What happens to your body when you exercise and why? How do you take your own heart rate? Why is it important to be physically fit?

  • Taking a Heart Rate
  • Walk and jog laps as part of  the Mighty Milers program
  • Taking a Heart Rate
  • PACER Relay Races
  • Fitness Scavenger Hunt
  • Benefits of aerobic fitness

 

Vocabulary: Heart Rate, PACER, Aerobic Fitness, Health Benefit

Essential Question:
Dance Making:  Utilizing Improvisation, students will explore and employ various dance elements to create a movement conversation.

Dance Literacy:  How can dance be used as a means of expression and communication?
LOD “Dance Pen Pals”- How can we use dance symbols to communicate movement effectively? (on going)

Making Connections:  Students will exchange with another class to reconstruct motif scores sharing dance through classroom experiences and documentation.

Vocabulary: Direction, movement

Essential Question:
How and why do artists depict subjects from their imagination?

Art Material:

  • Scratchboard

Art Blueprint Performance Indicators:

  • Exploration of lines including directional lines
  • The ability to observe and then combine shapes to represent a subject
  • An imaginative interpretation of an observed subject

Main Artist:

  • Henri Rousseau

Art Vocabulary: Scratchboard, Wooden Dowel, Observational Drawing

Grade

                  Music

         Technology        

  Physical  Education

            Dance

      Band

Art

4

Essential Questions: Review and assess previous knowledge.  What are the basics of rhythm and how is it notated?

  • Establish a steady beat in various meters through guided listening of Link up repertoire.
  • Explore rhythmic patterns aurally.
  • Create rhythmic patterns.
  • Use rhythmic decoders of notated music to identify rhythmic phrases.
  • Read rhythmic patterns of learn to use the strategies of Read and Say, Read and Clap, Read and Finger, Read and Play with a good tone.
  • How do we finger the notes B, A, G on our recorders?
    Students will differentiate between the fingering patterns on their recorders for the three notes.
  • Practice of each recorder strategy individually and sequentially.
  • Decoding two-note and three-note melodies and transferring it to our instruments.
  • Multiple drills and composing activities using the first three notes.

 

Vocabulary: beat, rhythm, pitch, meter, phrase

Essential Question:  
Is technology an effective way to research information?

  • Use technology to locate, evaluate, and collect information
  • Create a tri-fold brochure Using the application Word for composing.
  • Review importing a graphic from the Internet

 

Vocabulary: Columns, margins

Essential Questions:  How does your body change when you exercise and why? What happens to your heart rate and why does this happen? What are some of the benefits of having good aerobic fitness?

  • Walk and jog laps as part of the Mighty Milers program
  • Taking a Heart Rate
  • Pacer Relay activities
  • Fitness Scavenger Hunt
  • Many benefits of aerobic fitness

 

Vocabulary: Heart Rate, PACER, Aerobic Fitness, Health Benefit

Essential Questions:
Dance Making:
What is Language of Dance?  How can we use LOD to create, record and assess our work as choreographers and dancers? How does LOD notation help us clarify our choices?

Dance Literacy:  What are styles or genres of dance?  How can we identify their basic characteristics?  What are stage directions?  

Vocabulary: Stage right, left, downstage, upstage, center stage.  Directions- forward/backward, side right side left, diagonal forwards R & L, diagonal backwards R & L, Levels high middle, low 

Essential Question:
How does reading music notation on the staff, and executing proper breath control and “attack” assist us to develop proper performance techniques?

Vocabulary: pitch, rhythm, notation, staff, measure, attack, embouchure

Essential Question:  How and why do artists create toy theaters?

Curriculum Connection:

  • Fiction

Art Material:

  • Colored Pencil

Art Blueprint Performance Indicators:

  • The ability to imagine and then combine shapes to represent a subject
  • Use of contour lines to define a figure or object
  • Stable construction of a three-dimensional form

Main Artist:

  • Toy Theaters throughout History

Art Vocabulary: Toy Theater, Contour Lines, Three-Dimensional Form

Grade

                  Music

    Technology  

  Physical  Education

Dance

      Band

Art

5

Essential Questions:
What are the basics for good recorder playing?

  • Identify, analyze and assess the recorder skills of posture, breathing, performance, listening and ensemble skills.
  • How can we play multiple parts at the same time as a group?
  • Students will learn main and counter melodies to “Come To play.”
  • Students will learn to say the lyrics of the vocal melody of  “Come To Play.”
  • Students will identify the pitches of each note of the melody.
  • Students will transfer the fingering of each of those new notes on their recorders.
  • Students will perform two parts and accompaniment melody for “Come To Play.”

 

Vocabulary: counter, melody, form, chorus, lyrics, melody, pattern, phrase, rhythmic, layers

Essential Question:
How can word processing help to express ourselves?

  • Use Word to create a report.
  • Insert Header and Footer.
  • Create a bibliography.

           
Vocabulary: Plagiarism, Bibliography

Essential Questions:
How does your body change when you exercise and why? What happens to your heart rate and why does this happen? What are some of the benefits of having good aerobic fitness?

  • Walk and jog laps as part of the Mighty Milers program.
  • Taking a Heart Rate.
  • Pacer Relay activities.
  • Fitness Scavenger Hunt.
  • Many benefits of aerobic fitness.

 

Vocabulary: Heart Rate, PACER, Aerobic Fitness, Health Benefit

Essential Questions:  What is a choreographic toolbox?
How can choreographers utilize simple choreographic structures to make their movement dynamic?   What is the importance of rehearsal and revision when collaborating with peers? What is the role of props, costumes, lighting, and visual effects? 

Vocabulary:
Toolbox- (manipulations) levels, directions, facings, tempo.

 Essential Question:
Which practice techniques will develop excellence in performance?

Essential Question:
How and why do artists create stories through pictures?

Curriculum Connection:

  • Autobiography and Fiction

Art Material:

  • Ink and Colored Pencil

Art Blueprint Performance Indicators:

  • Identification and rendering of details
  • Use of contour lines to define a figure or object
  • Inventive use of pencil, colored pencil…through blending, mixing, and layering

Main Artist:

  • Charles M. Schulz

Art Vocabulary: Rendering, Contour Lines, Storyboards